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Outpatient care is a healthcare treatment that does not require a patient to stay in the hospital overnight. Ambulatory care is health care services that are on an outpatient basis and one can receive outside the hospital. Ambulatory services are such as observation, diagnosis, consultation, intervention and rehabilitation services.
The difference between outpatient and ambulatory care is that in the case of the ambulatory care, the patient can walk and in the situation of outpatient, the patient goes in for treatment and occupies for some time the hospital bed. Another difference is that in the case of ambulatory care, the patient does not spend the night and in the situation of outpatient, the patient goes to the hospital, and admission is not necessary (Sutton, 2008).
The changes that have affected the balance between inpatient and outpatient services are such as reimbursement, technological factors, social factors, utilization control factors. Reimbursement: it is cheaper and faster to deal with outpatient than with inpatient care. Technological factors have allowed surgeries to happen in the outpatient care. Social factors are such as the preference of patient to want home health care and health services from community-based settings. Utilization control factors are such as the mandates of insurance that affect the provision of healthcare.
Outpatient care is a component of the business model because it assists healthcare facilities to increase utilization of health care services by expanding outpatient outlets. It also helps to deal with competition from other healthcare providers. Another reason why it is component is that there are changes in reimbursement on health services.
Some of the changes that lead to a decrease in inpatient occupation are such as the growth of outpatient settings, advantages the hospitals with outpatient services get and benefits that the hospital physicians and patients get. The increase of outpatient setting is because there has been development in technology to allow outpatient care, an increase of patient’s preference to outpatient setting and changes in reimbursement. The hospitals also get many profits when they are dealing with outpatient services and the physicians’ benefit as they get to operate at lower costs. Patients also get the benefit of getting routine health care services at one place (Sutton, 2008).
Mobile health care services are the transportation of medical services to patients who live in small towns or rural areas. The kind of services provided is such as magnetic resonance imaging, screening for blood pressure and cholesterol, and diagnostic services like MRI. The mobile units also tend to promote health education. They role in the health care system is providing an efficient and convenient means of routine healthcare services.
Public health is a science that deals with protecting and improving healthcare lifestyle for the entire population. The scope of public health ambulatory services is the there are lower rates of hospitalization that has an association with receiving primary care. The services are such as case management that provides coordinated physicians and referrals and adult day care that compliments the care a family member should be providing (Sutton, 2008).
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