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Unit 11 – Assignments. Populations with Special Health Needs
What is a vulnerability model? What are the distinctive characteristics of this model?
Vulnerability model is an integrated method of learning the vulnerability of a specific population and its chances of experiencing poor health or being ill. Vulnerability represents a combination of various factors and many majority individuals have no control or little over. The specific characteristic of vulnerability model is that it majors on the attributes of vulnerability for the entire population rather than focusing on vulnerable characteristics of subpopulations. The other distinctive trait is that it is a comprehensive model, entailing both personal and ecological characteristics of risk. This model stresses on the vulnerability convergence.
Compared with White Americans, what are some of the health challenges faced by minorities? What are some of the health concerns for women? For men? For children?
The percentage of live births with low birth rates in common in minorities compared to White Americans. For instance, Pacific Islanders and Asians are more probable of beginning prenatal care during their first trimesters. Compared to Hispanics, White Americans women of 40 years and above use mammography more. It is observed that non-White Americans have lower life expectancies, higher aged-adjusted death rates for leading causes of death, higher adjusted maternal mortality rates, and higher unfact neonatal and post neonatal mortality rates. American Indians have higher rates of death from drug related causes for instance alcohol. They also have higher chances of getting diabetic and committing suicide compared to White Americans.
What childhood characteristics have important implications for health system design?
Among the exceptional childhood characteristics that have significant implications of health system designs are dependency, differential mortality and morbidity patterns, and children’s development vulnerability. Developmental vulnerability is the quick and cumulative emotional and physical alteration that come along with child development and the possible effects that diseases, injuries or untoward family and social circumstances might have on child’s development curve.
Children have multifaceted and changing dependency connections that affect their growths and impacts their utilization of health services. Children rely on their parents or other people who act as their caregivers to identify and respond to their health concerns, to establish their care and approve treatments, and to conform to recommended treatment regimens. Children are normally affected by various and complex situations that are termed as ‘new morbidities’. The new morbidities entail alcohol and drug use, family and surrounding violence, emotional distress, and learning problems that older generation did not suffer from. These new morbidities come from intricate socioeconomic or family conditions rather than from exclusively biological etiologies. To maintain good results, the new morbidities need a continuum of comprehensive services that entail multidisciplinary assessment, treatment, and rehabilitation as well as community-based prevention methods.
Please read the New York Times article “Women in Texas Losing Options for Health Care in Abortion Fight”, by Pam Belluck and Emily Ramshaw on March 7, 2012. Please post your comments on the Discussion Board.
After reading the article, I fail to understand why they do not come up with other substitutes suppose they claim to have great care and concerned about women. What evils is there supposing they work with Texas legislature to create another organization that better understand health services? I have opinion that Texas need to re-examine itself and come to sense that they are outside reality of caring for the needs of women and their health needs. The issue that need to be tackled is controlling the needs of women rather than hating abortion. The problems seems deeper than just looking at it at the surface.
I think it is evident that majority of the women will not be ready to pay for their services. Minus clinics for breast and cervical cancer screening, these women will find it too late when diagnosed. Additionally, the available health care services will be located away from the reach of majority and they will thus lose their sense. With time, statistics on the number of death with increase showing majority of disadvantaged women dying needleless because they lack access to proper health care needs.
Please read The New York Times article “Uninsured Numbers Drop as Poverty Rate Holds Steady” by.............
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