The Role of Self-Kindness and Self-Esteem in Children in Fostering Psychological

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The Role of Self-Kindness and Self-Esteem in Children in Fostering Psychological Resilience and Positive Psychology


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The Role of Self-Kindness and Self-Esteem in Children in Fostering Psychological Resilience and Positive Psychology


Psychological resilience is the capacity of an individual to avoid stress and adversity in so as to avoid, such problems as bad health, depression, mental illness, and general body dysfunction. The causes of stress can be due to ill health, relationship problems, final problems, and workplace problems. People and children with psychological resilience can make good plans and execute them, their self-concept and confidence is high, and has the skills to communicate a problem.

Positive psychology is the use of the scientific understanding and psychological intervention to bring happiness to individuals with mental disabilities and psychological stress.  It is possible to achieve a satisfying life through positive living rather than treating the mental illness in a person. One way of promoting positive living is by increasing the Childs self-esteem and self-confidence through resilience. The aim of the research is to promote the psychological resilience to help a mentally ill child improve his self-esteem and enable him to recover from the troubles. The research will deal with such areas as self-esteem, self-kindness and the psychological resilience among others. The research will also cover areas, such as the concepts and the approaches necessary to help a child with learning difficulties. The limitations and any other issues relation to clinical matters on the issue will e vital to the discussion.  Psychological resilience and the positive psychology are two areas very important to help young children and adults to live a positive life and cope with the learning challenges.

Self-esteem is the capability of an individual to evaluate him/herself and the opinion somebody has in regard to him/herself.  Self-kindness is the quality of being kind, having consideration for others, or having the urge to help other people.  Kind people have compassion for other people and do not show any selfish behaviour to the friends or neighbours.Positive living enhances self-esteem in individuals positive psychology promotes self-esteem, and self-esteem promotes psychological resilience. Self-kindness results from living positively and having a positive attitude towards other people, which makes the person live a stress-free life. Self-kindness results from high self-esteem, as for somebody to be kind to other pe

Positive psychology is a very important intervention to help in stress management and the treatment of mental illness in children and adults. Positive psychology can help solve problems associated with learning difficulties, especially in children through the improvement of their self-esteem. Through positive learning, a child can appreciate himself and appreciate the situation of being mentally retarded. The child can mingle with others freely and will not shy away from his peers. The main approaches to positive psychology involve activities that make a person happy, have a meaningful life, and promote his mental well-being. The approaches are


it causes happiness and relaxation for a short time and may not be suitable where the individual requires long-term cure. Examples of the pleasures are body massages, which leads to relaxation of the muscles and the mind, good food that enhances the appetite, decorated rooms, swimming pools and bath tubs and many others. For a person to feel the same amount of pleasure every time he engages in any of the pleasurable activities, the activities will have to follow the same routine and have the same dose as the first one.  Variation of the activities can solve this drawback, and the person can enjoy the moments of pleasure anytime.


Gratifications are those activities that are challenging and make us use more strength at the same time making us happy. They require a lot of efforts to achieve, but their long-term effect are rewarding. One example of a gratification activity is long-term love relationship through kindness, listening,, and doing good things to the people we love. The activities require self-sacrifice and effort to impress the loved ones. For the case study, showing the boy love and doing kind things will promote his self-acceptance and self-esteem of the boy. His learning capability will also improve once he accepts and puts effort into the gratification activities. The other gratification activities are drawing, gardening, solving puzzles, volunteering and writing. The boy will achieve a lot of the mental ability through engaging in the gratification activities, especially the puzzles.

Doing meaningful activities

Total immersion, in fact, blocks consciousness, and emotions are completely absent.” In this, he encourages people to engage fully in the activities that bring satisfaction to their lives. The activities make the individual forget many bad emotions and conscience reducing the mental stress. The boy in the case study can benefit from the approach, as being active in many activities will enhance his mental capacity. However, gratification and meaningful activities cannot work well without pleasure, and people shouldo promote a good feeling. The three approaches are important for mental, emotional, and physical development of individuals hence leads to psychological resilience.

Psychological interventions

Positive emotions are very important for both physical and emotional satisfaction that leads to happiness. Some of the interventions improve a person’s well-being, growth, creativity, fulfillment and any other activity that brings joy and relaxation of the person. For the case study, the boy can apply some of the interventions to promote his mental and physical health and improve his learning capability. The positive psychological interventions are


According to Algoe (2012), gratitude can be a source of positive feelings to an individual and the research shows that those people who express gratitude to other people feel a lot of inner satisfaction and happiness. with their actions. Being grateful is a virtue that brings about the feeling of wellbeing to a person and reduces depression, increases happiness, and raises the self-esteem. A study carried by Algoe on the effects of expressing gratitude showed that, these who express gratitude to their colleagues are more relaxed and reduces trauma. The boy in the case study can gain from gratification by receiving grateful notes and comments from the teachers and other stakeholders to improve his health.

Best possible selves

Children can write the events in their lives and any actions they undertake and how they feel about them. The activities create a lot of self-confidence to the individuals, and they can achieve their goals in live. Writing will always remind the child the experiences and can provide some comparison with the recent happenings.


According to Lous (2011), Hope is the capacity of individuals to pursue their goals in life, which make them feel excited, determined, and committed to their roles.  Hope brings harmony to different individuals especially the one that results from spirituality or and may lead the reduction of broodiness in individuals. An individual may have a desire to feel unique, competent and responsible a type of hoped called personal hope. Hope enables people to seek advice from their peers and parents, which reduces stress and depression of the individuals seeking advice.

Signature strengths

Signature strengths refer to the exhibition of appreciation of bravery, beauty, gratitude, and forgiveness y individuals depending on their experiences. For example, individuals who recover from certain illnesses show positive characteristics than those who have never experienced severe illness. The recovery makes them be strong and belief in their physical fitness, thus they do not worry about facing difficult situations. Some people possess emotional courage to face and counter challenges to achieve difficult goals in their lives, through persistence and bravery.  The other forms of strengths are humanity, pursuit of justice, and temperance, which leads to physiological toughness and reduce depression and stress.   The other interventions are hope, health, and optimism.

Positive psychology and its relevance to children development

Positive psychology has a big effect on the human brain especially that of a growing child. The brain can master everything that the child experiences when he is very young, and as the child matures the mastery improves. Positive teachings create optimistic thinking, as the brain can register the actions, which become habitual to the child. If the child has exposure to a negative environment, the brain registers negativity, and the child is always pessimistic and on the wrong. Training a child always to look on the positive side will help the child to have self-esteem. The other positive aspects of a child’s life are self-confidence and self-kindness. Repeated actions make the child do the same thing repeatedly and unconsciously, which forms part of their character.

Positive psychology helps in getting rid of weaknesses in young children, although it is a challenge to build strengths to some of the children. For example consider the scale of -5 to +5. In many cases, education will move an individual from -5 to 0. In this case, 0 Getting from 0 to +5 is very difficult. Therefore, education does not assist so much in moving from 0 to +5, and the only way somebody can assist children to get there is by promotion of good habits and correcting their weaknesses. Ac.............

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