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The personality of an individual in social media
As highlighted by Gosling et.al (2011), over the last five years, the online social media such as Facebook, MySpace, twitter and LinkedIn have turned out to be a central and nearly unavoidable means for social interactions. Online social media actually began by catering for various specialized communities as well as niche groups. On the other hand, they have since expanded in terms of their reach significantly, permeating nearly every echelon and demographic group within the developed world. As such, they currently offer fertile, ecologically-valid as well as empirically-tractable fields through which to examine the on-going, real world situations and processes within not only social but also personality psychology. Despite the online social media’s psychological affluence as well as being a major topic of extensive speculation, they are still relatively uninvestigated or unexplored. In reaction to the online social media phenomenon, many researchers from various disciplines have started investigated their impacts on the behaviour of humans.
These social networks have, for instance, been argued to significantly affect the personality of an individual by making the difference in physical and psychological characteristics. These networks can affect individuals by making difference in five ways. These changes can be categorized in 5 major domains: extroversion, emotional stability, openness to new experiences, agreeableness and conscientiousness (McCrae, 1997). A continuous use of these networks can change the physical personality of an individual. They may change their lifestyle, clothing by adopting different fashion trends. If they are introverts, they may get more social in real life too. In this paper, you will get familiar with the effects of social media on both personality types “Extroverts and Introverts”. This research paper will also show that how frequently introvert adults are likely to use more social media networks.
Since the evolution of Web, people has got more opportunities to get interact with each other and become more social. Webs have also promoted the idea of working together, sharing of thoughts and photos etc. through online connections. People believe that sharing of experiences, feeling and thoughts make them feel good. They can have a lot of “Net Pals” through internet. These webs/social networks give them ideas about what other people are doing and they can choose what they want to be. In daily life, people seem likely to judge each other. Some individuals find it difficult to get judged by other people. These individuals, in particular, like social networks.
No one judge them because of their “sharing”. Others know that these sharing of photos, experiences and thoughts might be a general thing or fake. The second reason, they do not judge each other because they usually have a lot of friends and social circles. They do not get time to take interest in being judgmental. Change in psychology of an individual is a common trait. It always changes with the passage of time. It has observed that teen and young adults are more likely to use webs than older generation (Jones & Fox, 2009). We may think that extroverts spend more time on social media networks than the introverts.
Studies have shown that extroverted spent less time on social media networks than introverted individuals (Moore, 2012). But at the same time, studies also shows that extroverts crave social contact more than introverts (Sarah,2011).Interesting fact is, people who are shy in real life are very active on social websites. We can say that they are extrovert online but introvert offline. Individuals, who feel shy in introducing themselves in front of a group of people, feel comfortable in introducing themselves on webs. They find it easy to start a conversation with a stranger on web as compared to have a face to face conversation. Introverts also find it easy to end up a conversation instantly without notifying others. On social media they feel comfortable as they can be a part of group without coming out from their shells.
Introverts individuals believe that social media categories, tags and hash tags are quite introvert-friendly (Zimmer, 2013). They provide more space to them to look deeply and research quietly. They also like to post and share photos than putting their feelings and thoughts in words. This seems simple to them as they do not want to express everything in words. In other words, without showing their inner-selves, they can convey their message. Interesting thing is individuals who are introverts like to fake their personality and pretend to be someone they are not. They can build relationship easily. No doubt, with social media, introverts blossomed (Kenny, 2014).
Introversion and extroversion are two basic natures of human beings. While talking about the extroverts, they are more successful on social media than introvert individuals. Extroverts feel comfortable on social media crowds. They can hold the court easily and get noticed by others. Social media is the place where they reveal their personal details and connect to other people worldwide. They get their energy from being more socialized and having fun conversations with other people (Vincent, 2013).Usually, they do not feel uncomfortable and exhausted after spending the whole day on social media. They can work in groups and give their maximum output.
Results from a survey shows that social and non-social technology use is correlated with psychological and different behavioral factors (Schrock, 2009). Generally, personality of an individual can be evaluated from their response to different circumstances. Social media can make an introvert to extrovert and extrovert to introvert.
Social Media Influence on Personality– Literature Review
Livingstone & Helper (2007) says factors identified with social media utilization have been explored from sociological and mental viewpoints. For example, there are certain factors like by age, race, and sex that are highly influential on social media. It is reported that found that teenagers and youthful grown-ups are the increasing number of users of social media for interaction and other purpose (Tong et al, 2008).Social media utilization is increased with the familiarization of various Internet technologies. In reality, social media presents opportunities to join, convey, and collaborate with one another through technological tools and media; for example, texting, talking, social systems administration locales, and micro-blogging (Zywica & Danowski, 2008).
Studies show that social media influences the personalities and behavior of people. It is seen that more extraverted and shy individuals have a tendency to be attracted to social media. This may happen to some extent in light of the fact that obscurity is not a trademark in the most prevalent sorts of current online provisions. For example, social systems do not demand the revelation of an individual’s actual character. A person can hide his/her extraverted character and show off outgoing disposition among online groups. Most people use social media to interact with people they know and don’t have a tendency to captivate with strangers (Rojas & Puig-i-April, 2009).
Consequently, these destinations may be less averse to speak to extraverts. In a comparative vein, while talk rooms permit aggregation like discussions between people who are all in all ambiguous to one another, texting is for the most part utilized for discussions between single clients who are familiar with one another (Kerbel & Bloom, 2005). As per Big Five Factor hypothesis, the social media individuals can be divided into 5 classifications (Zywica & Danowski, 2008).
- Openness -Wise, innovative and inquisitive person fall into this category. High scorers tend to be creative and refined in taste and acknowledge different perspectives, plans, and encounters.
- Conscientiousness – Sorted out, continuing on and attentive people. Upright people are to a great degree dependable and have a tendency to be high achievers, diligent employees, and organizers.
- Extraversion – These people are composed, continuing on and dependable. Reliable people are greatly solid and have a tendency to be high achievers, diligent employees, and organizers.
- Agreeableness – Supportive and helpful people fall into this category. Individuals who score high in congeniality are peace-guardians who are by and large idealistic and trusting of others.
- Neuroticism – These are on edge people with frail and delicate personality traits. Despondent people are surly, strained, and effectively tipped into encountering antagonistic
Use of social media
The Internet is the largest most versatile source of information in the world today. With its web sites and chat rooms, it is a means of communicating with people in places all over the face of the earth. But with all this power at our fingertips, are these social networks useful or are there any negative impacts of using this interface? Are we as simple humans’ capable of interacting with such a powerful communication source? Social networks are useful as forums for spreading information or interesting pieces of literature or news. It can benefit participants by knowing about places, people and events. When a person takes part in a discussion, he or she can understand how people think and what attitudes they have. However, there a number of negative impacts of social networks.
The first negative impact is alienation from institutions such as the family, education and places of work may result from the following factors: Lack of face-to-face socialization is turning into a considerable problem for those who have locked themselves inside the anonymity of their computers. Indeed studies have shown the tendency for people to become significantly stressed, depressed and lonely with each hour spent in the obscure world of Internet chatting. This will also affect negatively the way young teenagers socialize with family members, friends and strangers in society. The reason of this concern is the closely-knit society that we live in; Arab society dictates strong interpersonal relationships whether it be with family members or friends.
The second negative impact is loss of own culture: The Internet introduces an invasion of western cultures into the homes of unsuspecting parents, which may lead to a loss of one’s own culture and adopting a new foreign one. The adoption of a new culture will cause the general public to resist this change, thus the consequences will lead the youth to feel rejected and further amplify the already existing social problem of alienation from society as a whole. This alienation from the Arab culture will lead the youth to strongly get attached to the new culture that they have adopted, which will again translate into a disastrous disintegration.
The third impact is loss of identity: Having mentioned the factors that may lead to alienation and loss of culture, it follows that these factors will also lead to a loss of identity. In a time where national identity plays an important role in the social integration, we cannot afford to let such a new force as the Internet to destroy what we’ve been trying to build. Moreover, studies have revealed that many people have become addicted to social networks, and have adopted very unhealthy habits like overeating, sex, and gambling. Others include fantasy games and the ability to create false identities of oneself.
Social networking can be useful only if it is used for useful purposes like obtaining information and exchanging views. However, if it is overused, its negative impact exceeds its usefulness.
The act of deception in social networking to the other parties
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