Report Analysis on Obesity, Poverty and Diabetes 2

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Report Analysis on Obesity, Poverty and Diabetes 2

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Introduction

The U.S. is known to be one of the richest and most developed countries in the world, yet it has one of the highest obesity levels in the world. The issue of obesity is projected to worsen, especially if the right health policies are implemented. Childhood obesity is even becoming a major concern. This paper entails a report analysis about the connections existing between obesity, poverty, and diabetes 2. The paper shows that the obesity is attributed to living styles of individuals and is commonest among the poor communities especially African-Americans and Hispanics. Obesity is also found to trigger other related health problems especially diabetes 2, high blood pressure, and heart diseases.

The contemporary American society has specifically countersigned high-tech developments, which have clearly changed the once existed social order. On the contrary, more than 78.6 million Americans still languish under obesity epidemic (Hughes, 2011). The federal government has worked hard to end the problem by contributing several millions of US dollars to counteract the seemingly increasing social economic issue facing the contemporary society, especially due to ineffective polices and strategies.

Studies like the study by Hughes (2011) have indicated positive relationship between obesity and diabetes 2. Further, Native Americans constituted the largest number of people diagnosed with both obesity and diabetes 2. A dipper analysis of the results indicated that the Hispanics and African Americans constituted up to 70% of all the participants (Hughes, 2011). These two groups are the poor majority in the United States, which further explains the relationship between poverty and the two health conditions; obesity and diabetes 2. In this regard, obesity and diabetes two seem to depend on poverty conditions among individuals while diabetes 2 is on the other hand facilitated by obesity as a health condition.

Obesity and diabetes have been brought out as some of the highly growing health conditions among Americans, although the prevalence of such growing health issues is literarily among the poor communities, which includes mainly the Hispanics and African Americans. Prevalence in obesity among these two communities and other individuals facing the problem of obesity was found to facilitate the acquisition of diabetes 2 (Levine, 2011). Unfortunately, the chain does not stop at this point, since suffering from diabetes 2 contributes to further health problems such as hypertention and blindness. Other problems that could be triggered by diabetes 2 include heart diseases, cancer, depression, immobility, arthritis, and asthma. Essentially, the implication of the study was that poverty, social issues, facilitates obesity, which is a healthy problem. Obesity then triggers the possibility of suffering from diabetes 2, which is also a health problem. Diabetes 2 then contributes to various diseases such as heart diseases, cancer, depression, immobility, arthritis, and asthma.

Research Goal

The key area of focused is the connection between poverty, obesity, and diabetes 2 in the United States. The research is centered on generating deductions regarding whether obesity and diabetes 2, collectively, depend on the poor living conditions and eating habits among Americans especially African-Americans and Hispanics. The research uses interview results approved or disapproved the assertions that poor living styles in the U.S. contribute to increased obesity, which then facilitates the acquisition of diabetes 2. This is done through analysis of the themes presented in the interview results.  Failed policies are found to be contributing factors alongside other factors like poor eating habits, false labels, consumption of high fat and calories foods, lack of physical exercise, and poor food-purchasing behaviors among others. The most affected communities are African-Americans and Hispanics. Way of dealing with the issue including implementation of better health policies, promoting physical exercises, and creating awareness on consuming healthy foods (Levine, 2011).

Research Significance

The research will be highly significant in dealing with the obesity and diabetes 2 as major health problems in the U.S. among the most affected communities. It will contribute to reduced medical budget allocation owing to the cutback of annual medical expenditures as result of the effectiveness of the health policies and obesity campaigns initiated as a result of the research findings.  Today medical expenses are relatively high due to the increasing number of obese and diabetic 2 patients according to Levine (2011). The ever-increasing cases of premature deaths that result from obesity, diabetes 2, and the other resulting diseases currently seems to be overlooked, but from the point of view attributed to the results, a solution would be reached to save the U.S. economy from loosing important skills and future generations due to immature deaths. The obesity endemic is be the key target and cannot be left up in the air. The study results will be significant in upholding a considerable progress that has already been made in the health sector concerning public health and life expectancy within the past few decades as depicted in Klein et al. (2004). The problem and all the resulting health issues will be solvable using the study results. The results would yield to the formulation of effective health policies to replaced failed ones.      

 

Qualitative Method

Approach

The research used qualitative approach to bring out participants’ opinions about poverty, obesity, and diabetes 2, and the each issue is connected to the other.  Interview technique was used as the most applicable data collection method for the qualitative research (Seidman, 1998), Turner, 2010). The interview technique was used to collect qualitative data about aspects like health policies on obesity and their effectiveness, failed policies, the best strategies for handling the obesity problems, participation in physical exercises, lack of adequate income to purchase healthy foods, and composition of foods purchases/consumed by Americans based on the sample population among other aspects. Opinions of respondents were also collected on whether enhanced purchase power could promote the consumption of better foods in terms of balanced diets.

Data Collection

Qualitative data was collected using interviews on personal opinions regarding poverty, obesity, and diabetes 2 based on specific theme depicted through the interview questions. Interview technique was the best in collecting qualitative data on people’s opinions (Seidman, 1998). A sample of 10 participants was used. All the participants took part in the interviews. Each participant in the sample provided unique opinions regarding the major causes of the increasing number of obese people in the society with reference to the nature of the interview questions and the presented themes. They gave various opinions on common foods that people prefer to consumer, and some of the perceived reasons for eating such kinds of food including lack of enough money to purchase better foods.

Policy issues were also reflected. The participants gave their opinions about the existing policies on obesity and what could be done to facilitate better policies. To bring out the issue of poverty as a key factor investigated, the participants were obese African -Americans and obese Hispanic; both males and females adult  The consideration of these two groups was based on the existing statistics that portray their poverty level as being worse than other races in the United States. Their social lives including their eating habits are thus highly influenced by their poverty conditions when they were interviewed. The interview was based on nine questions. These questions presented various themes that would later be used to code the interview for data analysis (Given, 2008). The questions included:

Data Analysis

Their responses were first recorded and later transcribed (Seidman, 1998). Data analysis was then done based on the transcribed interview results. In this case, a comparative analysis was done in order to determine the uniqueness or resemblance in the responses provided by the participants. This comparative analysis was done to extract the themes presented in the ten interviews for coding reasons (Seidman, 1998). The themes were then coded according to the way they appeared in each interview.

Findings

The study findings were based on the coded data. A total of 27 themes were portrayed in the interview transcriptions. The key themes as they originally existed in the interview questions included policies on obesity, failed policies, best strategies, participating in physical activities, healthy foods, low income people, safe recreation parks, associated diseases. These themes contributed to many other as thematic aspects as depicted in the codebook (table 1).

Similarities/Differences between Interview Results

Almost all the 10 participants depicted a common perspective regardi.............


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