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According to the prepositions put forth by Charles Darwin, there is no human nature. He introduced the theory of evolution that denotes that humans did evolve from the ape. This is unlike the biblical and religious teachings that contend that humans were created in the image of God. In addition, Darwin’s concept contradicted the viewpoint of Aristotle that perceives man to have a purpose in life. In this regard, Aristotle indicates that man’s purpose it to reason and come up with viable decisions that are objective and devoid of the influence of appetites. Darwin’s evolution theory disregards this and indicates that man does not have any purpose in life. According to him, the origin of man dates back to millions of years when he lived in the universe with just a few species. The condition demanded that every species competes with the rest for survival.
Notably, man successfully passed through the numerous filters that characterized natural selection and were employed in determining the suitability of a species to survive. This was attributed to his diverse skills, physical attributes and intellectual traits. Seemingly, other creatures did not have this and as such, in most instances, man surpassed them. With time he became the most prominent predator that depended on the other species for food and general survival. According to Pojman (2006), this gave him a chance to significantly diminish the possibility of him becoming a prey. The ability of man to assume the top position on the food chain demonstrates the notion of “survival of the fittest”.
Thus Darwin maintains that competition and struggle are at the core of human existence. In addition, they play a fundamental role of perpetuating biological reproduction and the wellbeing of man. Also, Darwin indicated that the concepts of inheritance and hereditary are vital and therefore need to be accorded equal attention in reproduction as well as marriage. At this point, it can e contended that the aspect of man having superb survival skills that enhanced his survival can be considered to be valid. To date, man seems to have better skills than the rest of the species and therefore behaves in a totally different way from the rest of nature. These skills have also enabled him to devise different survival tips that are more sophisticated and effective than those employed by other species. His wellbeing has further been enhanced by the intrinsic power that he has over nature.
In addition, the concept of competition and struggle that has been cited to be at the core of human survival can not be disputed. In an environment that had various species that were competing for relatively few resources, some degree of struggle was inevitable. This notion is also illustrated in the modern world where the ability to compete favorably determine the success and survival of individuals. The weak that are unable to compete for the limited resources always tend to be eliminated from the system earlier than those with the ability to struggle.
From the perception of the Greeks, man is the only being that has the capacity to employ reason in understanding the purpose of life that he lives. This reason should therefore act as guidance to enable man to face and overcome the daily challenges with ease. Essentially, it is a form of empowerment that gives man the ability to optimize on particular events and experiences and derive the highest degree of benefits from the same.
However, the Judeo Christian point of view considers man to be solely charged with the responsibility of loving and serving God throughout his lifetime. According to this perception, this defines the purpose for which man was created by God. Further, this view point contends that these two functions are open and therefore apply to all men irrespective of the level of understanding that one has. Further, it is contended that the individuals that fail to serve and love God accordingly do commit the greatest of all sins. Notably, there is a contrast between the purposes of man’s life between the two thoughts. While the Judeo Christian perspective contends that man was entirely created to serve and love God, the Greek perception thinks otherwise and believes that man is responsible for deciphering the purpose of his or her life through reason.
St Augustine who is the proponent of the Judeo Christian perspective agreed to Plato’s idea that emphasizes that the free will has a critical role to play in the life of humanity. He argued that this will is vi.............
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