Over the past decades theoretical attention has been based

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Introduction

Over the past decades theoretical attention has been based on actor-network theories, cultural economy and many more which focus on the events that are predominantly present in the finance and economic sociological success.  The relationship between economic theories and market behavior are an important aspect in explaining the impact that economic, managerial and organizational knowledge has towards varied forms of organizational practice.

Bureaucratic organizations can be referred to as those organizations whose role is the implementation of policies and are structured in a hierarchical form. The decisions and activities of bureaucratic organizations are standardized and impersonal.

The shift from bureaucratic to post-bureaucratic organizations has been welcome by some while others disagree with the same. Evidence indeed shows that among the public sector organizations, many of them have become more post-bureaucratic. This is based on management norms, techniques of conduct and also the types of personae. There has also been a shift towards environments that are friendly to these public organizations in the engagement of corporate communication, branding of products and reputation management practices (Edwards, 1979). The assumption that the public and private organizations are alike due to the above moves in not true. Actually the public organizations seem to be in the route to privatization for the sake of their survival in the market. There are also views that emphasize distinctiveness of public organizations and management and also arguments in favor of bureaucratic values.

Developments into bureaucratic forms or democratic organizations are indications that organizations, their forms and management are transformed from ideal types of either private or public organization or bureaucratic or democratic organizations to hybrids that express varied forms of logics. Such ideology however is not clear on indicating precisely how these organizations be it public or private change, how they develop or even how new practices are incorporated.

Democratic organizations are achieved through a wide range of material and communicational perspectives. The most important issues in these types of organizations are the mobilization articulation and engagement of the people (Edwards, 1979). It is important to note that these democratizing moves go beyond the traditional democratic institutions.

Theoretical views on organizational have over the years moved through a series of three stages. Firstly they are coercive, that is the imposition of changes by state regulations. Secondly they move towards being normative, that is, the rise of professionalization and finally, adoption of mimetic mechanisms which is the imitation of that which is considered as culturally valuable.

The state therefore is significant is setting out social order. A democratic state therefore may have been as a result of capitalist societies with their reason of emergence being that capitalism created a working class. Whereas power is legitimate.............


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