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Nutrition Case Study in Bulimia
Nutrition is a very critical notion in peoples’ lives since it tends to affect every system in their bodies. Apart from that it is likely to alter individuals state of mind. However, society today has placed a lot of concentration on the perfection of the body and this has become a critical issue that now affects today’s generations particularly the young adults and adolescents. As much as food is supposed to be considered healthy for everyone it is now being perceived to be harmful. This paper is about eating disorders that have now become rampant in today’s societies. This issue is so critical because people are now being diagnosed with eating disorders mainly because they have now become mentally preoccupied with food, how people perceive and think about them as well as their personal appearance.
TJ is a 20 year old male that resides with his 17 year old sister and parent. He was involuntarily brought to the New York Presbyterian by his father who met him purging and binging in a parking lot. He was diagnosed to be having bulimia Nervosa; a type of eating disorder that is typified by binging large amounts of food within a short period of time this was closely followed by purging which made his body get rid of extra calories through diuretics and self induced vomiting. This disorder is of two kinds, it could either be: No purging type where the patient employs unsuitable behaviors like excessive exercising and fasting to lose weight, or Purging type where the patient is engaged repeatedly in the misuse of enema or diuretics, self induced vomiting, or misuse of laxatives. In most cases this disorder is found in female patients (Boskind, 2010).
Bulimia Nervosa’s etiology could stem from family issues that are associated with lack of control particularly when an excessively reliant child comes from a family with a dictatorial mother and a very subservient father. The consequence of this is unresolved reliance needs. Psycho dynamically it can be related to an early childhood mother infant association that results in unsuccessful separation individuation and retarded ego particularly when the mother uses food as a means of care and love in an attempt to respond to the child’s emotional and physical requirements. This in the end makes the child to employ food as a way in which he can gain control (Fairburn, 2012).
This began when TJ reached 17 years old, he explained to the nurses that his father became very abusive and did not permit him to interact with his buddies. He pointed out that he ended up being close to his sister and mother whom he has since fostered a nice relationship with. He indicated that he did not have the freedom to do anything independently, for everything had to be done in accordance with his father’s indulgence. When the situation became unbearable he chose to show his displeasure through food. When he became 18 he decided to get a job in order to have enough food to purge and binge. Apart from that, he has a medical history of hypokalemia that stems from electrolyte imbalance and could end up into a medical emergency. Hypokalemia is typified by fatigue, tingling and muscle cramping and in severe circumstances it can lead to cardiac dysrhythmias (Giles, 2009).
TJ was attentive, conscious and oriented to time, person and place. He was neat with no body odor and not confused. When he was approached by the nurse he was in the reception area. As much as he was fluent and clear in speech he avoided eye contact. He became uncooperative and avoided some questions. Pointing out that he was tired he told the nurse that he was not the right person to talk to for he was not in the mood. Upon making several attempts the nurse finally managed to talk to him. He proved to be very manipulati.............
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