Immigration and Migration in the UK

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  1. Table of Contents

Page

  1. cover page——————————————————————————————–1
  2. Table of contents————————————————————————————2
  3. Executive Summary———————————————————————————-3
  4. Introduction——————————————————————————————-4
  5. The extent and the nature of the migrant labour in the UK————————————-4
  6. Implications of the migrant labour in the UK—————————————————–5
  7. Opportunities, difficulties and challenges that migrant labour has on:—————————5

7.1. The economy——————————————————————————————–5

7.2. The business community—————————————————————————-6

7.3. The society———————————————————————————————————7

  1. Immigration models————————————————————————————————–8
  2. 9. Conclusion and recommendations—————————————————————————-8
  3. 10. References———————————————————————————————————10
  4. Executive Summary

Immigration in the UK is on the increase, and there are worries of whether it is of any benefit to the UK economy. This report covers the extent, nature, and the implications of the migrant labour in the UK. There are also opportunities, difficulties, and the challenges of the migrant labour on the UK economy, business, and the society such as growth in the GDP, provision of the market for commodities, and provision of cheap labour.  The challenges are high population, social evils, and high costs of maintaining the immigrants by the government. There are also a number of recommendations in this report. 

  1. Introduction

Immigration is the movement of people into a country either legally or illegally. Immigration of people from various parts of the world to the UK is increasing at a very high rate, and reports show that there are many challenges facing both the immigrants, the UK nationals, and the government. This report will research on the extent, the nature, and the  implications of the migrant labour in the UK by analysing various statistics and literature materials. There is a belief that immigration has a negative impact to the UK, but there is need to find out whether there are any positive effects of immigration to the economy, the business, or the society. This research paper will investigate such areas as  the opportunities, difficulties, and the challenges of the migrant labour in the economy, the society, and the businesses of the UK. The paper will also review the different immigration models and provide recommendations on the best ways to deal with the immigration issues by the UK government, the UK social organizations, and the business owners.

  1. The Extent and the Nature of Migrant Labour in the UK

Immigration in the UK is on a tremendous increase, especially from the former colonies of the British empire, such as India, Kenya, South Africa, Pakistan, and Bangladesh (Somerville, & Sumption 2009). Most of the immigrants come to the UK for the scholarship purposes and to look for employment opportunities. The other immigrants come as refugees seeking accommodation as guided by the United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention  and the member States of the European Union.  Between 2001 and 2011 there was an increase of about 70 per cent foreign-born immigrants. The other statistics show that in 2013, the people arriving to live in the UK were about 526000 against 314000 people who left. The figures reveal a net inward migration of 212000, with the majority arriving from China, the US, India, Poland, and Australia, with the largest groups with British citizenship being from India, Somalia, Pakistan, and Philippines (CIPD 2013).

The other immigrants to the UK are job seekers looking for greener pastures, either as permanent employees or casual labourers. There are also illegal immigrants, who visit the UK with various missions, such as  trade, running away from their potential enemies, or just to explore the UK. There are other immigrants who travel to the UK to further their education in the tertiary institutions, of which some get scholarship from the UK universities. The other immigrants visit on academic exchange programs between their countries and the UK academic institutions and others as tourists.

  1. Implications of migrant labour in the UK.

Immigrants contribute a lot to the labour force in the UK both in the government and the private sector. The labour supplied by the immigrants can be skilled, semi-skilled or non-skilled depending on the academic level of the workers and their specialization. The immigrants offer a substitute to the UK labour force in cases, where there is shortage of employees. On the other hand very many migrant labourers in the UK can lead to mass unemployment to the UK citizens since the immigrants take all the jobs at very low pay. Some of the migrant labourers may not have the best expertise to perform the assigned tasks, which can result to  the production of substandard goods and services.

  1. Opportunities, difficulties and challenges that migrant labour has on:

7.1 The Economy

The influx of cheap migrant labour contributes positively in the growth of the economy of the UK, as many immigrants do not demand very huge salaries like the UK citizens (Robinson 2010). The cheap labour enables the small industries to cut down on their wage bill per month, thus, the industries can make huge profits. Some of the immigrants are well trained with the necessary skills, some of which are scarce in the UK. These workers can offer their skills to the areas with labour shortages, which reduces the labour deficit in the economy. The overall benefit of the immigrant in the UK is an increase in the economy of the UK in terms of its GDP. Reports from the Migration Watch UK showed that in 2007, there was an increase of about 4 billion pounds from the contribution of the immigrant workers (Robinson 2010). The foreign migrants pay taxes and other levies, such as business licences, which improve the economy of the UK.

The managed migration, which involves the immigration of students and legal labour from outside of the European Union increases the labour in the UK (CIPD 2014). This group of people provide the needed labour in the UK, leading to improved development of the economy. The UK businesses can benefit a lot from the immigrants in terms of growth and the diversity. Some immigrants visit the UK as tourists, which contribute to the increased earnings in form of foreign currency, increasing the economic development of the UK.

Immigration in a large scale is dangerous to an economy, especially to the indigenous people of the UK. This is because immigration leads to the depressed wages for the local people, when many people seek employment opportunities and accept very low wages. The Bri.............


Type: Essay || Words: 2553 Rating || Excellent

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