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Low-rise residents are the most form of houses that are in need of heightened innovation so as to ensure privacy, simplify access, create harmonious form of relationship and maximize grade relationship. Creating a place where legitimate users and residents are in a position to go about their daily routine without any fear or insecurity is one of the major elements of this assignment. Moreover, the use of the existing urban areas will be required in the future where large, medium, and small centers enjoy good transport, services and jobs (Stephenson, 2011).
Good design for low-rise housing has to focus on the increasing density at the same time without conceding the comfort of the existing residents. However, this design has to contribute confidently to the character of the locality while offering high-value public domain. Good house designs should not need expensive construction materials and techniques but offer creativity to produce well-designed houses that are smaller, more suitable and have lower running coast. Good low-rise housing designs of infill residential projects are important to promote community acceptance and understanding of the issue of higher densities present in the suburban regions.
A major factor in housing cost is the provision of parking space. Notably, about 30% of apartment structures are for below-ground car parking (Stephenson, 2011). However, there is a possibility to lower the cost of building a house by reducing car parking especially if the site for the house is close to public transport means. The site areas used for access driveways and garaging can be reduced. This will leave more land that can be used as a private open place, residential amenity or for tree planting.
In the past decades, low-rise house development in Conventry, UK has mainly focused on space in order to achieve good amenity. However, design creativity is now required at both high and medium densities. More detailed ideas are needed concerning the relationship between buildings and their neighbors and the streetscapes. The details should also provide information on vegetation benefits at each location and how to maximize the landscaping.
The increase in the density of housing that exists in the suburbs is a problem that needs a solution. The issue of density is sometimes a cause of distress within a given community. The house design present in this paper reveals the fact that medium-density housing does not require to be achieved through the process of high-rise development. The organization of this housing design has to consider the following factors;
- Building mass and height
The height and mass of this design should be put into thought so as to ensure compatibility with some of the planned and existing developments present in the community (Fletcher, 2012). A building may be similar to its neighbor while some others may vary, requiring skillful design so as to ensure appropriate integration with the city fabric. However, low-rise houses are frequently sandwiched between high-density and low-density areas. With the careful organization of height and mass, low-rise houses can serve as a screening device for transition between fluctuating neighborhood scales.
In the areas that have desirable and established character and streetscape, the placing of a new building should enhance and respect that condition. Matching grades and setbacks can help new buildings blend in while at the same time reducing any neighbor negative impact (Fletcher, 2012). For the areas that have less desirable character and streetscape, for instance, large surface parking lots, reverse frontages, encourage new development so as to establish new design standards and improve the character.
Connectivity refers to features such as pathways, buildings, natural areas, and open spaces that are found in the new development. This design should integrate with the existing environment. As such, the guidelines for connectivity will deal with developing a positive relationship between the existing context and the new development (Joyce, 2005). The design should also focus on improving the linkages between built areas and within.
Generally, the existing networks include pedestrian pathways, natural features, streets and open spaces. Enhanced pedestrian connectivity makes walking more convenient and pleasant, as well as encourages alternate transit manners to vehicular. Through a city-wide perspective, linking natural features and open spaces through a site can render a system of green corridors for environmental and recreational benefits.
The design of the house will include the ground floor and the first floor. The house will be located facing north. It will consist of a rear garden. The plot size for the house is 30 meters south to north and 12 meters west to east. He house will be a three bedroom house. It will have two bathrooms and a half bath. The living area of the house will be 1,775 sq.ft. The garage bay will accommodate two cars at a time. The design gives a bonus space which will be used as a garden for the house.
The design for the ground floor considers the following;
- Situation of the insulation within the floor structure.
- Applied floor loading
- Minimizing air leakage, thermal bridging and preventing air condensation.
The ground floor of the house will include insulation below the concrete slab. This will ensure that there is increased thermal capacity for the house, maintaining steady internal temperature (Rumbarger, Vitullo and Ramsey, 2003). All the materials will be compressed under the load. The insulation material for the house, which will be under the slab, will be in a position to accommodate the applied loads with minimum compression. The location of the insulation on the floor influences the thermal characteristics that the floor brings to the house. Additionally, it has relevance when it comes the active loads that apply during the use of the floor.
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