Hazardous effects of Concentrated Hydrochloric Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, and Potassium permanganate.

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Hazardous effects of Concentrated Hydrochloric Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, and Potassium permanganate.





A chemical refers to a substance that is produced by a chemical process. It can then be used in the same process or to perform a variety of functions at home, in businesses or in the industries (Stollard, P. and L. Johnson, 2004). As a result of the numerous types of chemicals in the world today, millions of people have knowingly or unknowingly exposed themselves to hazardous chemicals. This has really endangered their lives. Some of these chemicals are discussed below:

Chemicals involved

  1. Concentrated Hydrochloric Acid
  2. Sodium Hydroxide
  • Potassium permanganate


These chemicals can react to form dangerous or toxic gas called chlorine.

Hazardous effects

They are very dangerous because they can cause a lot of harm if they come into contact with the human body (Ralf, E. et al., 2009). They can damage the body, eyes, skin, respiratory systems and the small intestines. This results from their corrosive effects.

Best root for evacuation

Because of the dangers associated with these chemicals, it is essential to be cautious enough to appropriately evacuate the victims. This can be done by carrying out the possible first aids then rushing the victim to the hospital. At the same time, the factories should be well constructed and protected. There should be fire extinguishing equipments to help stop fires in case of any possible explosion.

Potential collateral damage

These chemicals have the following collateral damages:

  1. Causing respiratory diseases to the human beings
  2. Polluting land that would otherwise be used for agricultural activities
  • Killing animals

The best way to prevent recurrence

These disasters can be easily prevented if appropriate steps are taken to address the situation especially at the pre-disaster levels.

  1. There should be disaster preparedness at all the time.
  2. The department of emergency should ensure that all the necessary equipments are availed to help in eradicating any explosions experienced.

Chemicals involved

  1. Gasoline
  2. Propane
  • Ethanol

Potential hazardous effects

The reactions of these gases are quite dangerous (Woodward, R. B. and Hoffmann, R., 2005).   It can result into the following hazards:

  1. Explosion
  2. Irritation
  • Scorching effects
  1. Cancer

Evacuation route

Potential collateral damage

These chemicals are not only dangerous to the users. Their hazards can reach others in the following way:

  1. Can cause fires
  2. Can cause explosions
  • Can harm animals
  1. Can harm plants
  2. Can cause diseases like lung cancer

Preventing recurrence

The break out of such catastrophes can be prevented by the following ways:

  1. Using the recommended Personal Emergency Equipments like gloves, mask, aprons and fully enclosed shoes (Krost, B., 2001).
  2. Providing timely fire extinguishing services
  • Proper planning and preparation for emergencies.
  1. Locating factories far away from human population

Chemicals involved

  1. Uranium
  2. Radium
  3. .............

Type: Essay || Words: 1139 Rating || Excellent

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