Comparison between the Babylonian creation myth, Enuma Elish and the Greek

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Myths

Question 1: A Comparison between the Babylonian creation myth, Enuma Elish and the Greek creation myth, Creation of gods and the titans

The above creation myths have varied similarities as well as differences. The very first similarity pertains to the fact that both of these are creation myths. They detail the creation of natural things and the influence of different powers in the process of creation. At the beginning, both myths indicate that the earth was devoid of any creature. The creation of the creatures takes place through time in both myths. Then, the gods constituting both myths seem to be related in some way to the natural facet of the earth. For example, there is the god of the sky that is represented by Anu and Zeus, the god of waters represented by Posiden and Tiamat and so forth.

The storyline in both myths seems to be the same, only that the details differ considerably. The fathers in the stories are afraid of having to be overthrown by their sons or children. Because of this fear, the fathers devise different plans to get rid of the children in order to secure their status as the most superior. Although the plans in both stories are different and are pursued differently, the results of the plans are the same. The children or sons win the fights; in the Greek creation, Zeus takes the throne while in the Babylonian creation myth, Marduk assumes leadership of all gods after becoming a hero.

The most obvious difference between the two myths includes the fact that they are used by different religions. This implies that relative beliefs influence the life of the populations differently. The Babylonian creation myth brings to light a number of females such as Tiamat, Kishar and Lahamu (Rosenberg 155). Females in the Babylonian myth primarily perform the role of procreation. However, one of the female in the Greek myth is used as an agent to transfer destruction and evil to man.  The treatment that the hero gods in both myths accord their enemies or enemies is also different. Marduk approaches the enemies more directly by involving them in a war and finally destroying them. Zeus on the other hand simply sends his presumed enemies a gift containing the evil spirits as well as punishes them directly (Rosenberg 8). Unlike Zeus who was at some point in time corrupted by power and control, Marduk remained strong and was marveled by all the gods. He was considered a king and appreciated by all the gods because of his power and strength.

Question 2: Contrasting creation of gods and titans, the Greek myth with the Hindu myth, creation, death and rebirth of the universe

The two myths are different from each other in various ways. While the Hindu creation myth revolves around reincarnation, the Greek myth primarily details events from one generation to the other. The war that the generations in Greek mythology engage in is waged by the creatures. These wars are not present in the Hindu myth, rather the suffering that humans experience in this comes from the severities of the weather. Unlike the Greek myth in which the creatures are constantly exposed to some kind of forces, the Hindu myth details a phase in which there is utmost peace (Rosenberg 327). The age of moral perfection and virtue does not have any anger, sickness or sadness. In the Greek myth, the creatures are in sole control of the universe and influence natural occurrences in different ways. This is unlike in the Hindu creation myth where the natural forces that influence the occurrence of drought and rain are fundamentally controlled by a higher power. The creatures that are represented by humans do not have any form of influence on the natural forces; rather they only suffer the negative implications that are associated with the natural forces.

The climate has a great influence on the development of the two myths. Climatic conditions in the Greek myth are instrumental in shaping the behavior of the Hecatonchires. Reportedly, he was wild and played with lightening, thunder and earthquakes. This disappointed his father the sky and strained the relationship that the two shared. The climate is used as a form of weapon to fight against the enemies in the Greek mythology. This is because it had far reaching implications on the creatures and had the potential to destroy them. Climate in the Hindu creation myth also exhibits negative characteristic or attributes. The heat from the sun is used to punish to punish humans and destroy life. The flood that comes after this prolonged drought plays an important role in rebirth. Generally, the climate sustains life in both myths. In the Hindu mythology, good climate support he growth of fruit trees in the first phase of life. These provide food for humans who depend on them for survival. The climate in the Greek myth on the other hand helps the creatures to pursue their goals during the war.

Question 3: Analyzing the epic hero, Zeus

In Greek mythology, Zeus was the epic hero after he defeated is father Cronus and assumed the leadership of the gods. He was powerful and from the point of view of the Greeks, e was the protector of the city, society, state, law, strangers and family. His decision to exile all the titans or rebels that fought against him was wise. This is because it helped in retaining peace in his kingdom. He was protective of his children and even freed Gaea from the dangerous hands of Typhoeus. This was morally acceptable because he was furthering the good and happiness of his son. Moreover, he exhibited courage and persistence in his struggle for justice. Although Typhoeus was fearsome, Zeus still faced him and using his superb fighting skills, he was able to kill him. This was admirable because besides freeing his son, he freed the entire gods from the fear of Typhoeus (Rosenberg 6).

The cruel punishment that Zeus extended to Prometheus after he refused to reveal the secret of other sons was however immoral. This is because it led to intense su.............


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