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Acute Impaired Tissue Perfusion
The ability of blood to circulate unimpeded throughout the body is what is known as perfusion, it involves the process of hemoglobin in the blood binding with oxygen through respiration in the lungs, in cases where the process is unable to be complete a perfusion state is said to exist. This deficiency can be identified through the diagnosis of the inadequate tissue perfusion symptoms and signs of organ failure, mainly due to lack or inadequate circulation of oxygenated blood through body organs or system. It is with this above understanding of its importance that this article seeks to address its effects on patients with acute impaired tissue perfusion, characteristic, other related factors, outcomes in both patient and caregiver diagnosis, relevant interventions and rationales and the family and patient teachings.
The perfusion within the ineffective tissues can occur in various body systems like the peripheral, cerebral, renal, gastrointestinal, and cardiopulmonary. It can be described as a condition that exhibits a reduction in the blood flow which results in the capillary tissues failure to nourish, since it causes less nutrition and oxygenation at the cellular level. There are divergent effects on a patient if the condition persists mainly if it is an acute condition can turn tragic and cause tissue or organ damage or even death, if it is a mild condition it will have no or few effects on the patient (Maylor ME, 2005).
The main defining characteristics for diagnosing the condition include peripheral issues such as clammy skin, absent or absent peripheral pulses, edema, numbness or pain, cerebral issues like seizures, lethargy, restlessness, confusion decrease to light reaction, and cardiopulmonary effects such as angina or hypertension. The renal system can also have impacts like hematuria and blood pressure change or problems in the gastrointestinal like abdominal pain, nausea or absent or decreased bowel sounds.
Indicators of tissue perfusion on patient would include symptoms of possible impaired blood clotting capabilities and blood flow, and decreased tissue perfusion. Alsoby monitoring and comparing the patients pulse to ensure that it is steady. Other indicators could be identified through performing therapeutic interventions that have diagnostic testing characteristics like vasodilator therapy and angiograms indicators like heparinization or embolectomy. It can also be done by performing a possible cardiac output test like by using an anti-embolism device or raising an affected limb as necessary. Other specific interventions would include administration of oxygen, range of motion exercises or often change of body positions (Gardiner SM et, al, 1990).
Other related factors that also lead to perfusion of tissues would includemismatch of blood flow with ventilation, Hypovolemia, venous flow interruption,hypoventilation, altered affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen, interruption of arterial flow, impaired transport of oxygen across capillary membrane or alveolar, enzyme poisoning;hypervolemia, decreased hemoglobin concentration in blood, exchange problems, mechanical reduction of arterial bloodor venous flow (Kupper N, et.al, 2011).
The care givers expected outcomes would include improvement in the Urinary Elimination, Circulation Status, Fluid Balance, Cardiac Pump Effectiveness: cardiac and Tissue Perfusion, Tissue Perfusion: Peripheral and Tissue Perfusion: Cerebral. On the other hand the expected client outcome would include them demonstrating an adequate and efficient perfusion in their tissues as demonstrated by them having dry and warm skins, an absence in respiratory distress, palpable peripheral pulses, verbalized treatment regimen knowledge, adequate urinary output, recognize c.............
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