Abdel Nasser was born in Egypt in the

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Introduction

Abdel Nasser was born in Egypt in the yea 1918, as Gamal Abdel Nasser. He studied in military schools which inspired his career later on in the Egyptian military, after few yeas of becoming an instructor in the same institution. At the time of the Second World War, he influenced some occurrences in his country by being outspoken about republican views, thus conscripted some people and young officers secretly who were later to be referred to as the Free Officers Movement. He slowly began his political career by speaking openly about the political issues that affected the country which made the people develop trust in him. Years later, about 1954 he replaced Neguib who was the then prime minister of Egypt. As prime minister, he gave a clear opinion regarding the Jews who lived in Palestine and just like the Palestinians were against them, he wished to support their course. The close relationship between Egypt and the Soviet Union raised many concerns to the president. This included the purchase of military equipment such as the bombers and tankers. Later, Gamal Abdel Nasser became the first president of Egypt which gave him popularity in the highly Islam country. During his presidency, he achieved many things that made Egypt politically and economically independent. He however failed in some area which his people expected much more from him. This paper discusses the achievements and failure of his time as a politician.

Successes of Colonel Abdel Nasser

Military Success

The outspoken political figure of Egypt was successful in his military career. It is in this phase that he rose to the rank of the colonel which gave him a rule of command over a significant percentage of people. His determination was also admired by many people challenging those who took after him.

First President of Egypt

Before Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt was ruled by prime ministers. Neguib was the prime minister during the rise of Abdel Nasser, who replaced him in 1954 and took over premiership. It is at this point that his influence was recognized by most of the people in the country. As discussed earlier, he was passionate about what he believed in. for instance, he maintained Egypt as a Muslim country, supported the Muslim faith where he was willing to assist Palestine in their fight against Jews who appeared to want control over Palestine. Many scholars have argued against this and claimed that it was a form of discrimination. However, evaluation of the situation would give the impression of a person willing to stand for what he and his people believe in. thus, as the first president of Egypt, he proved that he would support their faith and other beliefs.

Suez Canal Achievement

According to Egypt.com, (2008), “Shortly before his full assumption of power, Nasser signed and agreement with Britain that provided for the withdrawal of all British uniformed military personnel from the Suez Canal zone.” This led Egypt to liberalization from what was considered foreign control. The military men in the area mostly harassed the Egyptians in the area which caused so much tension between the two countries. However, the signing of the pact led to tension free coexistence for the two nations since as it appeared; none was more superior to the other. Also, with the signing of the agreement, the country received an amount that summed up to $40 million from both he British and American government. This was considered a compensation for the damages that the Egyptians had suffered. In the mid 20th century, this amount was overwhelmingly large and gave a significant contribution towards the development of Egypt. This period describes the moment they began to establish their country for financial independence under Nasser’s leadership.

Maintained the Suez Canal Control

With the signing of the Suez Canal agreement with Britain, Nasser was well aware of the risk he was at since other states were also interested in it, besides Britain. However, he managed to maintain the ownership and the peace in the country by protecting his people. He also realized that the nationalization of the canal would provoke a strong reaction from the West, especially Britain and France that had major shareholdings of the Suez Canal. He therefore took relevant measures hat would ensure it was taken over and the stability he had achieved was not compromised. He was however guaranteed that no attacks would be made by Britain following the signing of the pact. Egypt.com, (2008) stated that, “However, Nasser believed that Britain would not be able to intervene militarily for at least two months after the announcement, and dismissed Israeli action as “impossible”. He also estimated that the threat had reduced by 10% making them safer. They also had an advantage since the United Nations Security Council had met on the matter of the Suez Canal and adopted a resolution recognizing Egypt’s right to control the canal as long as it continued to aloe the passage through it for foreign ships. However, the attempts by France and Israel to secretly involve Britain in a forceful take over of the Canal was early identified which also frustrated the attempts. Thus, Gamal Abdel Nasser is also credited for his intelligence in ruling.

Led Egypt to Industrialization

At the time of Neguib, Egypt was less financially independent. Nasser discovered the potential of the country and the much they could benefit with a water body to use for irrigation purposes. This is considered his greatest historical and economic achievement as president of Egypt. With the freedom to utilize the Suez Canal, the president made his suggestion of creating a dam from it. This attracted many finances from the developed countries and the World Bank in order to make the vision practical. Egypt.com, (2008) stated that, “… the next year, 1955, the United States promised fifty-six million d.............


Type: Essay || Words: 1966 Rating || Excellent

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