A Research Paper to Determine the Relationship between Education and Employment

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RUNNING HEAD: EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT

A Research Paper to Determine the Relationship between Education and Employment

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20th March, 2011.

The Relationship between Education And Employment

INRODUCTION

Education has a crucial role in improving one’s life after schooling. There has existed a relationship between one’s educational level of achievement and his career advancements and therefore well economic well being.

The purpose of this research paper is to find the correlation that exists between educated individuals in their later life and those have little or no education. This will involve data collection using secondary sources. Then the data will be presented using various methods of data presentation. Using descriptive statistics, the data will be presented using appropriate means, for example using pictograms among any other forms of data presentation.

The data will be analysed using the various data analysis strategies of inferential statistic, to calculate the correlation that exists between the two variables.

The study emphasizes the importance of education; to finish high school and attend postsecondary education. It also analyses the benefits of education to students. It also determines the likelihood of employment based on education. Therefore, my main aim is to see if there exists a strong correlation between high level of education and securing employment opportunities employment.

LITERATURE REVIEW

In some commonwealth countries the number of female enrolment in schools exceeds the number of male enrolment, besides the deference between female and male is decreasing and this has been in the last thirty years (Elsa Leo-Rhynie, 1999).

Literacy is a tool that can be used by an individual for upward mobility, especially for economic prosperity. One who is highly educated has a high chance of getting a job and therefore securing a better economic stats than one who is not educated who might find it difficult securing a well paying job. In addition, education is important in improving somebody’s standard of living. An educated person is batter placed in terms of knowledge acquisition as well as participating in the processes of decision making at family, community and even at the whole society at large (Elsa Leo-Rhynie, 1999).

Literacy for both male and female has improved for the last 20 years for some commonwealth countries; there are some countries whose women’s literacy is considered lower than that one of male. This is partly due to some social responsibilities that are bestrode on female which make them  face some challenges in accessing  education as opposed to male’s responsibilities which put them in a better position to acquire more knowledge.

From human’s right perspective there is a strong argument to achieving gender parity in education. This is a venture that is economical and a course worth taking; bearing in mind the gains that are associated with literacy. Educated girls, just like boy, achieve better livelihoods. Besides, they earn their place as responsible citizenry (UNESCO, 2011).Through various efforts either by various governments, UNESCO, NGOS, INGOs, and communities of getting all girls to learn in school by advocacy, legal means, curricula, teacher training and in servicing, among many others ,there are some countries or nation-state that are yet to achieve gender parity n educational provision. This has seen the existence of the economic inequalities that majorly exist between males and female.

THESIS

What is the relationship between the level of education achieved by individuals, versus their employment and economic well being?

GENERAL HYPOTHESIS

The level of education a person achieves will most likely affect his employment status. The higher the level of education achieved, the higher the chances that the individual is employed and better placed economically.

HYPOTHESIS ONE VARIABLE PREDICTION

Mean, represent the average Australian while mode; represents the educational level completed by the average person. Median is a good representation of the educational level completed by the average person

SEMI-INTERQUARTILE TO INTERQUARTILE RANGE

Display results to support the fact that the average citizenry has the educational level equivalent to the one found through the mean, median and mode.

THE SECOND HYPOTHESIS IS VARIABLE PREDICTION

LINEAR REGRESSION

The relationship between unemployment rate and level of education should be a strong one a negative whereas the relationship between education level and level of employment should be a strong positive correlation.

DATA COLLECTION STAGE

Data that is related to the rates of employment and unemployment and those certifications in Certification of Education considered highest, need to be collected. Australian Bureau of statistic conducted a nationwide census. The census figures include both females and males, in the labor force. The Census figures gave accurate picture of the employment situation in Australian as shown below.

DATA COLLECTED

EDUCATIONAL LEVEL

PERCENTAGE EMPLOYMENT RATE

PERCENTAGE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

WEIGHTING

Earned Doctorate

75.3 %

3.6 %

10

Master’s degree

76.2 %

4.5 %

9

Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry

78.9 %

2.6 %

8

University certificate or diploma above bachelor level

73.6 %

4.2 %

7

Bachelor’s degree

77.2 %

4.7 %

6

University certificate or diploma below bachelor

Level

67.1 %

5.2 %

5

College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

74.2 %

5.0 %

4

Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma

68.1 %

6.2 %

3

High school certificate or equivalent

63.8 %

7.3 %

2

No certificate, diploma or degree

38.1 %

11.1 %

1

Employment rate unemployment rate and various educational levels

(adapted from Australian Bureau of statistics.)

DATA ANALYSIS

Levels of degrees were weighted.  A weighting of ten; the highest and hardest degree that one could achieve, and less common. A weighting of one; would indicate that the level of education completed wa.............


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