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A child is any human being below the age of 18 years
A child is any human being below the age of 18 years. Although in some cases children may refer to any human being who has not completed the tertiary school but according to the law age matters because some children finish tertiary education when they are young and others when they are old than age prescribed by the law for a child. The first years in an individual’s life are vital in determining health. It’s very important when a child is born to be well taken care of by giving the child the right medication. Being healthy is essential if children and young people are to get best out of life and fulfill it in the best way. In order to achieve this, health provisions for children and young people need to be improved. Children in foster care have a disproportionate percentage of health and developmental problems that are often missed or not treated properly. This well-known fact was the impetus for the creation of foster care clinics throughout Connecticut during the early 1990s exclusively dedicated to the health and development of foster children (Monica, 2002).
Child health concerns are issues which have negative impact towards the development of a child. Some of the health concerns include nutrition. Young children have a weak immune system which is can easily be attacked by any disease. Some the diseases caused by poor nutrition include Malnutrition, obesity, and rickets. Many young children in families with low income are either obese or malnourished due to the factor that they don’t get a well balanced diet. . Diarrhea, dysentery and cholera are also other diseases in children caused as a result of poor nutrition. Hygiene is very important in preparing children’s food and even when serving the food hygienic conditions should be observed. To avoid these attacks parents are advised to give their children a balanced diet also immunization against such diseases should be done at the appropriate time to avoid infection. Another heath concern is dental heath. Dental health in children is very rampant. Tooth decay and other diseases caused by teeth may are very common in young children because of lack of good care of their teeth (Mezey, 2004).
Psychological health is another concern in children. For a child to perform properly in school he or she is supposed to be happy, confident, and secure. Some characteristics which may indicate that child is not feeling good include dullness, isolation from other children, and not playing with his peers. Some times children have problems and if not monitored well by their mentors they may have negative impacts in growth and development of the child. This may even affect the child’s performance in school and also in other aspects of production (Laurence, 2002).
Social, economic, cultural and environmental factors impact on a Childs pathway to adulthood. These factors have a strong influence on the outcomes and life chances for children. A child born in a family with of high income has a difference with a child of low income. The children of low income earners are likely to have a bad health because they live in areas with harsh condition and end missing school due to illness as compared to high income earners. This families stay in areas where health hazards are plenty e.g. where there is no good sanitation, air pollution is rampant and where the environment is not supportive and their parents are more likely to report parenting aggravation. Mothers in low-income families are one-third as likely as higher-income mothers to be in excellent or very good physical and mental health themselves, which affects their ability to care for their children. Children of low income earners are likely to participate in activities which pay. They participate in voluntary activities or community service. Low income earners don’t insure their children and their children are not likely to receive preventive medical and dental care. Environment is another factor that influences child development. This includes the experiences the child encounter in their home, school, and in the community. The environment can either improve or harm a child’s development. Because children are growing and developing they are more vulnerable to the toxic effects of environmental pollutants which may be cancer causing. An health research points out that children between the ages of 2 to15 have a risk of contracting cancer. Child health risk factors should be taken into account when evaluating environmental safety (Levin, 1999).
Asthma is another health concern in children. Asthma in most cases is associated with sudden coughing and wheezing. The tubes that carry air to the lungs are inflamed and may be swollen and clogged with mucus this is the first stage of asthma attacks. The inflamed airway becomes very sensitive and he body becomes allergic to dust particles, cold air, or physical exercise can cause airway to squeeze tight leaving little room for air pass. Statistics show that about 8 million Americans under the age of 18 years have been diagnosed with the disease but 50 to 70 percentages of the youngsters are free from adulthood symptoms. Also most children with asthma have allergies so if your child suffers from fever, eczema, or any allergic reaction take it seriously. Parents are there for advised to take their children for medication. The most common medication is corticosteroids and bronchodilators. Asthma can be deadly if left untreated but children can leave normal lives if medication is fully taken. Parents should not limit their children from physical exercise because they are asthmatic (Graber, 1999).
Other childhood infection include; flu, bronchitis, mumps, sore throat, ear infections, foot infections, eye infections, heat rush, constipation, fever, headaches, whooping cough, teething, vomiting, ring worms, food allergies and lice. Parents should take the necessary precautions to avoid these diseases (Graber, 1999).
Another child health concern is disability. Disability is inevitable and young children borne with disability problem should not be looked down as a cast in the family. Disability affects the development of a child because they grow relatively slowly than normal kinds. Families with disabled children are supposed to have physical programs for the disabled (Peterson, 1998)
In many countries, and mostly government schools, they have incorporated a wide range of services and programs that are provided to support their health and well being. Some of these programs include; immunization, school health service, students support, ways to keep children home, dental health, nutrition, physical education and school chaplains. All these programs ensure that children health is fit. Parents should learn how to solve their children’s problems. They should be able to listen to their children to avoid mental problem. Counseling is very important to the young children who are not willing to speak out their problems easily. Parents are supposed to counsel their children children’s problems without judging them. They are also supposed encourage them to open up and talk their problems out when they have a problem. This has a lot of impact i.............
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